Heritage or Racism: The Confederate Flag

By Ian Briggs
Staff Columnist

Few symbols are more hated and loved than the Confederate flag. Its meaning has shifted over the past 150 years and continues to change. Walk around campus and you can see the occasional Confederate flag on the pocket of a shirt or hanging in a dorm room. The question is what do all these flags represent: Southern heritage, outright racism, or just rebellion against authority?

The original flag of the Confederacy was not what we know as the Confederate flag today. It was the Stars and Bars, a flag that looked extremely similar to the U.S. flag. While Southerners did want to abandon the Union, they were reluctant to abandon their flag. The only problem was that in a battle they could not tell which flag was U.S. and which was Confederate, leading to some obvious problems.

The solution was the creation of two flags, one as the battle flag, and one the parade flag. The battle flag that was adopted is what we now know as the Confederate flag, the only difference being that it was square, not rectangle. The battle flag gained widespread popularity and was later incorporated into a new national Confederate parade flag.

After the war, organizations like the United Daughters of the Confederacy adopted the flag as their symbol. While the battle flag was never the national symbol of the Confederacy, it has come to be recognized as such.

White Southerners saw the flag as a symbol of heritage and dignity. The “good old boy” connotations are attributed to Ole Miss football games and to distinguish Southern troops during WWII from their Northern counterparts. As for hate groups like the Ku Klux Klan, they did use the flag, but they did not give it its blatantly racist connotation. That emerged during the integration of Southern universities.

You can also blame the Dixiecrats for the racist implications of the Confederate flag. The Dixiecrats were a party made up of anti-integration college students who co-opted the flag as their standard. The image of Dixiecrats fighting the National Guard while waving Confederate flags became branded into the national psyche. And so, the flag became tied to racism.

Today, it’s handed out at rock concerts and is just as likely to be found in rural New York as sweet home Alabama. It’s no longer just a symbol of the South; it’s become part of the good old boy culture of guns, trucks, and country music.

So what does the flag stand for on this campus? Student Logan Murray, a proud Confederate flag owner, said it represents “standing up for what you believe in and honoring all who died for their country.” Student Kay Wicker, a non-flag owner had this to say: “I understand that it is viewed differently by different people, but on principal, it does bother me.”

While the Confederate flag may not be intrinsically racist, it represents the entirety of southern history, much of which was racist. There is a connection to racism and the confederate flag. People have the right to be offended, but they should not assume the motives of the person owning the flag, because it means something different to each person.

The Confederate flag has changed greatly since its creation and is likely to continue to do so. There may come a day when the blatantly racist meaning of the flag fades away along with the scars of integration. Until that day comes, the responsibility falls upon Confederate flag flyers to explain what it means to them. As for the rest of us, we should keep an open mind, about a symbol that has stood for so much to so many, be it right or wrong.

Comments

33 Responses to “Heritage or Racism: The Confederate Flag”
  1. LHL says:

    The Confederate flag is a symbol of racism and treason. The CSA was a pro slavery insurection against the United States. It’s memory as something good has only survived because of the lost cause myth and the general misunderstanding about what caused the war.

    The Confederate States of America was a nation created to protect slavery and it’s expansion from the incoming administation of Abraham Lincoln, it’s founders said so vehemently. It’s vice president Alexander Stephens infamously said in 1861,

    “Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its corner- stone rests, upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery subordination to the superior race is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth.”

    • cjh says:

      If the flag is not a symbol of racism, why did so many southern states incorporate it in their state flags after the brown vs the board of education decision?

    • EL says:

      LHL: you don’t know what ur talking about. If you slam the Confederate flag for being ‘racist’, then you need to condemn the US flag and all the Founding Fathers who owned slaves. You need to condemn George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Go ahead and find out what your “honest Abe” said about the black race and the ugly truth about him. Stop parroting what you hear on TV and think for yourself.

    • cbroxton says:

      The Confederate flag is a symbol of Southern heritage and Southern pride. Just because the south had slaves doesnt mean that all of them wanted slavery. most of the people in the war on the Confederate side did not even own slaves they were fighting because they wanted to preserve their culture that they were used to. so the Confederate flag is not a symbol of hatred and racism so if you are going to that ignorant than go ahead but the facts have been laid out right in front of your face.

  2. Billy Bearden says:

    Ian,

    When you say ” The battle flag that was adopted is what we now know as the Confederate flag, the only difference being that it was square, not rectangle.” I must strenuously object!

    Being there was more than 1 Confederate Army in the field, flag patterns differed. The square battleflag originated in the Army of Northern Virginia under command of Robert E Lee. The rectangle was used as the 2nd version Confederate Naval Jack as well as by the Army of Tennessee under Joseph Johnston.

    My GGGrandfather served in the 41st Georgia Regt, and they used what you claim didnt exist. There were many other units who used that same pattern.
    http://www.fold3.com/document/279630817/ and also http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_oNrGEbZjtPo/TH1mVeVgYeI/AAAAAAAAD-o/G-5LtHazytk/s400/41st+Georgia.jpg

    Thanks

  3. Jeff P. says:

    The Confederate Battle Flag represented a people defending their homes and property from an illegal invasion, and an attempt to remove themselves from an overbearing, tyrannical government, and to return to the Founder’s constitution, which was being trampled then, as it is today. The South gets all the blame for racism and slavery, but there would have been no slavery without the yankee slave trading ships. And, the war was not about slavery, but the continued collection of excessive tariffs from the South, and forcing the South back into the union.

    NORTHERN BLACK CODES
    Seen as a threat to white laborers, blacks were widely disenfranchised in Northern States, especially during the 1850s and 60s. It was not until after the War that these so-called “black codes” showed up in the South. Free blacks not only had restrictions placed on opportunities to earn a living, but also upon opportunities for education, for the privilege to vote, and even whether they could legally reside in a given State (JRK p. 55-57, 77; CA p. 130; BBM p. 170-72).
    In 1851, the Indiana constitution was changed to state that “no negro or mulatto shall come into or settle in the state [...]” (JRK p. 55; BBM p. 171).
    1853 Illinois law prevented “the immigration of free negroes into this State.” In 1862 the citizens of Illinois amended their State constitution to say that “No Negro or mulatto shall immigrate or settle in this state [...]” (JRK p. 55, 77; CA p. 130; BBM p. 171).
    Oregon’s constitution, adopted on November 9, 1857, stated that “[n]o free negro or mulatto, not residing in this state at the time of the adoption of this constitution, shall come, reside or be within this state [...]” (JRK p. 55; BBM p. 172).
    New Jersey and Massachusetts had also placed similar restrictions on blacks (JRK p. 55).

    • Jonathan says:

      so glad someone actually studied in depth the whole picture of the Civil War instead of just keeping a closed mind and keeping to what middle school teachers teach in that the Civil War was sole based on The South rebeling because of the institution of slavery. It always bothered me that they only showed how The South was the “bad” “racist” part of the Country when in reality The North was just as bad. It just wasn’t economical for them to have slaves.

    • Andre historian buff says:

      the underlining truth is over the years of history the Confederate flg purpose evolved.. believe it or not the Confederate flag was one a symbol of peace in Australia. it was also a flag of war and independence as well as a symbol for the Ku Klux Klan, a symbol of senseless killings of millions of black people over skin pigment, or simply a symbol of southern pride. out of all these representations of the Confederate flag, unjustified murders of millions of African Americans over greed and power a long with being treated like livestock and living currency. ((YEEAAH)) THOSE ARE GOOD REASONS FOR PEOPLE TO SEE THE CONFEDERATE FLAG AS A RACES SYMBOL..

  4. Walter Ring says:

    La Raza, meaning THE RACE, can fly their Mexican flag for Hispanic pride. The Black Panthers can wave the African flag for Black pride. No one condemns them for it. However, when Whites wave the Confederate Flag for White pride, we are lambasted for it. Can you say DOUBLE STANDARD?

    • Hannah says:

      Mexican flag isn’t Hispanic pride. There are many Hispanic countries, Mexico is only one of them.

      There is no such thing as an ‘African’ flag, although there is a Pan African pattern.

      Between the country of Mexico, and the Pan African Movement and the Confederate flag, only the CSA fought a war with the United States of America and attempted to secede from the union.

      Mexican Americans (not ALL Hispanics) waving their Mexican flags for pride and Black Panthers waving their ‘African flags’ (as you call them) are still celebrating their identity as Americans (especially African Americans, who culturally set themselves distinctly apart from Africans to the point of a mutual dislike between Africans and African Americans) while those waving the Confederate flag are celebrating becoming traitors to their country.

      Essentially, the problem with the Confederate flag is not a race issue but a loyalty one.

      However, when the day comes that a black person can proudly wave a Confederate flag without being laughed at (publicly or internally) than it will truly no longer have the racial connotations that it does.

      Double standard, indeed.

      • Summer says:

        My black boyfriend proudly wears confederate flag clothing and supports the flag 100%. It is not a symbol of racism at all. The North also had slaves. Slavery wasn’t what the war was about.

      • Michael says:

        Hannah, Mexico fought a war with the US because it ceded Texas, which they viewed as theirs.

    • kimberly says:

      I totally agree with you Walter. That is double standards. I was just listening the The song that Brad Pasley came out ” Accidental Racist”. The song also has L. L.Cool J. singing. I was listening to all of the controversy about it and the rebel flag. Some of these idiiots need a history lesson

    • BC says:

      WOW… it was never created for white pride… and as it was said “fuck pride” (pulp fiction) sad that thats your identity

  5. Confederate Mike says:

    Mr. Briggs. As a loyal student of Southern History about The War of Northern Aggression, a Blues/Southern Rock musician and as a Confederate Re-enactor in the 10th Louisiana Co. C Infantry Regiment…

    I tip my hat to you Sir and Salute you for having written a piece where both sides of the equation have been referenced regarding the most beautiful Battle Flag ever conceived.

    Many thanks for having remained open minded and for having encouraged folks to explore, investigate and educate themselves in order to understand the true meaning of The Confederate Battle Flag.

    No everyone’s intent is linked to racism. Mine is to never forget and honor The Confederate Soldier, as a sign of rebellion against oppressing powers (I don’t take any crap from anybody whom wishes to trample me), such as the Federal Government. And of course because it is a forever symbol of The Good Ole’ Boys and Southern Rock n’ Roll Music.

    I appreciate your article very much.

    Much Obliged.

    Deo Vindice, Confederate Mike.

  6. Steve says:

    It is not a racist symbol and anyone who says so is historically ignorant and politically biased. Fly it proudly and F anyone who doesn’t like it. We are about “diversity” these days, are we not??

  7. It’s racism and stop conflating it like more words you say, the more convincing you’ll be.

  8. richard gagne says:

    I agree with you. I live in Quebec province ( canada) i am a french speaking person and I know your southern history. It interest me: the southern flag reflects the culture of the south, and it past. We , in Quebec, are proud of our french tradition as southeners and dixieboys are for your country.

    What bother’s them is that, for wathever the reason, some officials want to take out the flag, a statue of a civil war vet or some official building names ( as ” confederate memorial of ,,, ) focusing on the ”racial issue” of the existence of the artefact or statue, or name.

    History is History, and trying to forget it is something wrong. Sure, there were racist in the civil war. But this was a political war, not a slavery war. I am not sure that every people who hold a southern flag today is a racist. Why holding a southern flag in a Lynard Skynard concert is a racist act ??? I personnaly like the southern flag. I have one in my bedroom for Years. We can buy it in any flea market around the country. It represent for me, and for a lot of people around the world, the rebellion against the authority, and the héritage of the South, as the AK-47 represents the ultimate tool of all the ”wars of Liberation” all over the world,,, ( i am not an arm activisit !!!)

  9. William V. says:

    I am a student at our wonderful Washington College and am the proud bearer of a confederate flag. My flag hangs in my room and has been there the entire time I’ve been at college. I have heard many people say rude and ignorant things to those of us who fly this flag. It is assumed that we are racist bigots and ignorant rednecks. Now granted I might be a redneck, but I sure am not ignorant or a racist bigot. In fact I believe the people who don’t take the time to stop and understand another person’s views are ignorant. The flag does not inherently represent slavery. Granted there are many images of racist groups carrying the flag in their demonstrations, but that is because they themselves are misusing the flag as a symbol. I will not deny that the South has a long heritage of slavery, but that does not mean a symbol of the South is evil. In that sense would sweet tea and peaches be evil and racist because they are associated with the South? The Confederate flag is a misused symbol in the modern world and it must be remembered that it has been used in history for more than just a symbol of racism. For me it is actually patriotic. I hope people will just think about that when they see someone bearing the flag and not make quick and irrational judgments.

  10. Andria says:

    Slavery is almost like genocide. Blacks were beat, killed, and treated worse than animals. They were breed to create strong off spring, raped, and oppressed in the name of Christianity, America, and what ever else made the oppressor justify the brutality. The flag is a representation of the intent of the group who honored it. It is a sad past that should never be forgotten and never relieved, only remembered to help us become better people, citizens and well rounded contributors of our community and world.

    It is not the same a “White Pride” unless they share similar origins. Everyone should celebrate their heritage and who they are but not at the expense of others. You want “White Pride” to be recognized as a non-racist movement? Then make it happen, create a flag, motto, mission etc. that is not derived from anything suggesting supremacy, racism, hatred. How comfortable are Jews with a Nazi flag? This is different you would suggest. Not really, go visit a Holocaust museum and then an African American museum with a slavery exhibit. Or better yet got to Africa and visit the forts. I am certain you have no idea how similar they actually where.

    To assume someone is sensitive or ignorant because they despise the Confederate flag is irresponsible. It is this thinking that continues to add insult to injury. It is this thinking that prevents our people/nation from going forward. This is why racism is still here we don’t see it for what it is and make excuses. Excuses are tools of incompetence which build monuments of nothingness and those who specialize in there uses never accomplish anything but excuses, excuses, excuses.

    • Andrea says:

      Your full of it. As mentioned many times in posts above, this flag was a symbol of the war against our government. If anything, this flag is more a rebel flag. Had nothing to do with slavery or black people or whatever. This flag was simply a battle flag “The Confederate Battle Flag represented a people defending their homes and property from an illegal invasion, and an attempt to remove themselves from an overbearing, tyrannical government,” I’m not southern, I am neutral, however, I see that there are several good points, and I see that there are several bad ones… You have an invalid and pathetic claim here. Your claim is that people who fly the Confederate Flag are irresponsible… Sounds to me like your the one making excuses… Just because people believe what they believe does NOT make them incompetent, In fact I think people like you are the irresponsible and incompetent ones because you don’t seem to understand how people feel about this. Who are you to call people who choose history over racial claims as the reason they wave their pride to be from the south, or have love for the south, or whatever. You obviously don’t care about how others feel. Otherwise you wouldn’t have posted such disrespect. How about it was once an American Flag, Still is… You don’t have to fly it, it isn’t a racial symbol… It was only turned into one by people who don’t matter anyways. Big words aren’t needed for this, as simply put as possible… Confederate Flag, a symbol of Southern Pride. Not Confederate Flag, a symbol of racists… This flag had nothing to do with racism… Not a damn thing to do with racism… Even when racist groups and factions used it as such, they are incompetent as well, racism shouldn’t even be an issue anymore… there are more than plenty people in this country today who are ready and willing to risk their lives to save their african american best friend or relative. I’d gladly jump in front of a bullet to save my black uncle, all while wearing a confederate flag on my shirt. I know plenty of people who would do the same, confederate flag is a symbol of southern pride and I’m not even from the south.

  11. john says:

    it’s not racist its stands for souther heritage and rights ;) HURRAH!!! FOR DIXIE!!!

  12. Deb says:

    The Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865 and led to over 618,000 casualties. Its causes can be traced back to tensions that formed early in the nation’s history. Following are the top five causes that led to the “War Between the States.”
    1. Economic and social differences between the North and the South.
    With Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable. This machine was able to reduce the time it took to separate seeds from the cotton. However, at the same time the increase in the number of plantations willing to move from other crops to cotton meant the greater need for a large amount of cheap labor, i.e. slaves. Thus, the southern economy became a one crop economy, depending on cotton and therefore on slavery. On the other hand, the northern economy was based more on industry than agriculture. In fact, the northern industries were purchasing the raw cotton and turning it into finished goods. This disparity between the two set up a major difference in economic attitudes. The South was based on the plantation system while the North was focused on city life. This change in the North meant that society evolved as people of different cultures and classes had to work together. On the other hand, the South continued to hold onto an antiquated social order.
    2. States versus federal rights.
    Since the time of the Revolution, two camps emerged: those arguing for greater states rights and those arguing that the federal government needed to have more control. The first organized government in the US after the American Revolution was under the Articles of Confederation. The thirteen states formed a loose confederation with a very weak federal government. However, when problems arose, the weaknesses of the Articles caused the leaders of the time to come together at the Constitutional Convention and create, in secret, the US Constitution. Strong proponents of states rights like Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry were not present at this meeting. Many felt that the new constitution ignored the rights of states to continue to act independently. They felt that the states should still have the right to decide if they were willing to accept certain federal acts. This resulted in the idea ofnullification, whereby the states would have the right to rule federal acts unconstitutional. The federal government denied states this right. However, proponents such as John C. Calhoun fought vehemently for nullification. When nullification would not work and states felt that they were no longer respected, they moved towards secession.
    3. The fight between Slave and Non-Slave State Proponents.
    As America began to expand, first with the lands gained from the Louisiana Purchase and later with the Mexican War, the question of whether new states admitted to the union would be slave or free. The Missouri Compromise passed in 1820 made a rule that prohibited slavery in states from the former Louisiana Purchase the latitude 36 degrees 30 minutes north except in Missouri. During the Mexican War, conflict started about what would happen with the new territories that the US expected to gain upon victory. David Wilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso in 1846 which would ban slavery in the new lands. However, this was shot down to much debate. The Compromise of 1850 was created by Henry Clay and others to deal with the balance between slave and free states, northern and southern interests. One of the provisions was the fugitive slave act. Another issue that further increased tensions was the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. It created two new territories that would allow the states to use popular sovereignty to determine whether they would be free or slave. The real issue occurred in Kansas where pro-slavery Missourians began to pour into the state to help force it to be slave. They were called “Border Ruffians.” Problems came to a head in violence at Lawrence, Kansas. The fighting that occurred caused it to be called “Bleeding Kansas.” The fight even erupted on the floor of the senate when anti-slavery proponent Charles Sumner was beat over the head by South Carolina’s Senator Preston Brooks.
    4. Growth of the Abolition Movement.
    Increasingly, the northerners became more polarized against slavery. Sympathies began to grow for abolitionists and against slavery and slaveholders. This occurred especially after some major events including: the publishing of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin, theDred Scott Case, John Brown’s Raid, and the passage of the fugitive slave act that held individuals responsible for harboring fugitive slaves even if they were located in non-slave states.
    5. The election of Abraham Lincoln.
    Even though things were already coming to a head, when Lincoln was elected in 1860, South Carolina issued its “Declaration of the Causes of Secession.” They believed that Lincoln was anti-slavery and in favor of Northern interests. Before Lincoln was even president, seven states had seceded from the Union: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.

    Top Five Causes of the Civil War
    Leading up to Secession and the Civil War
    By Martin Kelly, About.com Guide

  13. Rick says:

    I seem to recall that there was between 60,000 and 120,000 blacks that fought for the C.S.A. were they racist to.

    • Lisa says:

      Actually Rick, :)
      “Unquestionably the historical evidence is strong that some blacks – perhaps several thousand – did serve in the Confederate Army in unofficial, non-combat roles as servants, laborers, teamster, musician, cooks, etc. But the official record is very unsupportive that thousands of blacks served as official soldiers in the ranks of the Southern soldiers’ rosters.

      When we use the word official we mean that a black soldier would have been documented through the same paperwork process as a white man would have in terms of enlisting, mustering in or out, and perhaps applying for pension benefits after the war. It is this logistical paperwork process that leaves a trail for historians to study and interpret.

      But how strong is the primary historical evidence – letters, diaries, first-hand accounts, military records, etc., – that blacks served in combat roles for the South? It is an important question.

      Besides the fact that it is important to preserve accurate history it is also important to “get it right” when it comes to knowing who fought in the Civil War so that these individuals can be properly honored and their place in history duly noted. Some who favor a Southern perspective on the war, particularly defending the proposition that the South did not fight to preserve or defend slavery, have argued that thousands of slaves fought on behalf of the South thereby proving that they were generally supportive of the Southern way of life.

      Some people have suggested that as many as 30,000 blacks took on the uniform and actually fought for the South, but does the historical record support that amount? What exactly does the historical record provide us with any kind of confidence to be able to answer this question?

      In short, if one sticks solely to the historical record for primary evidence of the black soldier picking up arms and fighting for the South, one can only conclude that the support for such a claim is scanty at best – merely anecdoctal – and entirely unsubstantiated at worst. Instead of the widely claimed and purported number of 30,000 fighting black soldiers for the Confederacy, an honest look at the historical record leads one to the conclusion that as little as under a hundred to as many as several hundred blacks may have actually engaged in combat for the South during the Civil War by actually carrying and discharging a weapon. How to interpret that evidence – or lack thereof – is left to the professional and armchair historians to debate.

      It is widely accepted by historians that perhaps as many as 200,000 blacks served in the Union Army. That is a sizable number when one realizes that only 750,000 to 900,000 men even fought for the South during the entire Civil War. According to historian and Professor James I. Robertson, Jr., “Approximately 180,000 blacks served as Federal soldiers. This figure represents 9 percent of the North’s fighting force. One-third of the blacks (68,178) died in the service, with sickness causing thirty times more deaths than battle.” Soldiers Blue and Gray: p. 35.
      For the Union side at least, the historical record is fairly definitive and clear: we know that about 9-12% of the Union Army was filled by black troops, depending on if one goes with the figure of 180,000 or 200,000 black Union troops serving. Black Union soldiers participated in at least 41 major battles and roughly 450 smaller actions. 37,000 black Union soldiers died in the Civil War. Though early black troops were not aggressively deployed as bearers of arms, it is the case that by the middle of the war, at least, more and more black Union troops were entrusted to carry arms and to perform in combat action.

      CWG has discovered that historians and staff – notably Robert Krick – at Spotsylvania National Battlefield Park have sifted through about 100,000 soldiers’ records to see how many non-whites were represented. Non-whites could be blacks, Native Americans, and mulattoes. They found that only 20-30 non-whites were found out of 100,000 soldiers’ records. That is less than 1/300th of one percent. Taking into account that the following estimate involves more conjecture than a good historian would be comfortable with applying to acceptable methods of reliable historical inquiry, one can still get a fairly solid “finger in the air” estimate that if that same ratio of 1/300th was applied to the figure-range of 750,000 – 900,000 Confederates serving during the war from 1861-1865, then one could only reasonably conclude that, at best, between 250-300 black soldiers may have served in the Confederate Army, and of those an even much smaller percentage would have been entrusted to take up arms.

      This might seem surprising but a leading Civil War historian, Professor James McPherson, who won a Pulitzer prize for a Civil War book he wrote, has gone on record to say that of the more than 25,000 soldiers’ letters he has personally read over the years, he has only found evidence that perhaps 6-12 black Confederate soldiers were even mentioned.

      The reality is this, looking at the historical record itself when it comes to answering the question – did many black men, free or slave, take up arms for Confederacy – one can only confidently say that perhaps a few, maybe scores, did but anything beyond that is highly conjectural and suspect. The larger the number of fighting black Confederates grows by one who would purport that thousands, even tens of thousands of blacks actually carried arms and faced combat during the Civil War, the more any objective observer would have to wonder what his or her agenda really was.

      The best evidence that blacks even served in the butternut uniform as official soldiers is suggested by records related to some blacks serving in a regiment from Louisiana and one perhaps from South Carolina.”

      • dick says:

        Lisa,

        confederate states did not muster black volunteers into military service, so you won’t find records.

        however, such creditable figures as Fredrick Douglass has acknowledged the contributions of black soldiers fighting for their states in a combat role. The first battle of Manassas also witnessed 2 artillery units from Lousiana one slave and one free men under Gen Thomas Jackson.

        One estimate is 65000 black soliders took up arms for the Confederacy.

        Had the war continued there could have been over 300,000 black soliders, fighting for the south and their freedom, (not cooks, musicians, suttlers or laborers).

        I think history tells us that the Union soliders were not always kind and thoughtful to the blacks, so it is not surprizing that even with restrictions to their combat roles so many blacks opted in to defend their homeland.

  14. Steve smith says:

    If the war was fought to free the slaves, explain West Virginia. Slave holding counties seceding from Virginia (ironic). Joined the USA in1863 as a slave holding state, two year after the start of the war, and a year after the constitution of the Confederate States became effective, stopping the importantion of slaves. With all the laws of the Northern US states and territories , stopping blacks from living in those northern states and territories maybe the war was fought to stop the spread of the blacks, not free the blacks. There is a lot of documentation to support the thesis!

  15. michael says:

    i feel as though the uneducated portion of america that believes us southerners are rasist for flying the confederate flag should atleast have an open mind. i was born and raised southerner. I fly the flag on my truck every day and i love when people ask me why i do this. and i am educated enough to give them the a reason why. I truley hate the national government, we all do. i wish we could go back to the ‘ good ol days’

  16. June V. says:

    You guys are taking this way too seriously. Everyone has their own opinion on the meaning of the flag and you fighting about it isnt gonna change it. I personally think that if someone is wavin a rebel flag around you shouldnt assume what their reason is. They could just be supportive of it because of freedom from government and all that. If you want to wave it for racism then go ahead. If you don’t then don’t. It’s nobodys business what people mean by it. its their opinion so deal with it. Either mind your own business or get over yourself. It has many different meanings. Believe what you want to you’re not the boss of others opinions. You’re full of shit if you think its only about racism. There’s hillbilly proud ppl that wld never think of it as supporting racism. Fuck off…

  17. Confederate Jason says:

    Most African American folks where I live think that the confederate flag is racist. But when my friends try to explain to them that in fact, the war wasn’t fought over slavery but over the government taxing the south they get called racist crackers. And as bad as it pisses me off I try to keep my cool. In fact I do recall that most of y’all Yankees had slaves even Abraham Lincoln had them. He used the lame excuse that he wanted to stop slavery, when what he really wanted is the profit of the southern cotton profit. Lets get back to the topic, the kkk may use the flag but they also use the Christian flag as well. So that flag is racist too? In short all I gotta say for y’all is if my flag offends you, you need a history lesson!

  18. Forrest says:

    The southern flag to me represents States Rights…I am not denying that this flag can represent Racism, but I can choose what I want the flag to represent…If given the chose, I would side with the South in the civil war; but overall I would not choose a side, because the whole war was wrong (it could have been figured out in a non-violent way)! If me proudly waiving my flag is considered racist, then so be it…I can choose to waive whatever flag I want (I could waive a Chinese/Russian Communist flag around if I wanted to) so if I can waive those around, then I can waive the Confederate flag around…this is still America after all! On a side note, I live in Washington State (the state south of Alaska), and I am 1/8 African-American!

  19. Ellen Lopes says:

    There are many southern Blacks who have great pride in their southern roots but one would have a almost impossible feat to find a confederate flag hanging in the home of someone of African ancestry. It does not represent per se southern pride then does it. It represents oppression alright but not because of the government, but for a part of our country that not only did not want end slavery per law but wanted to celebrate it.

  20. Momiss says:

    Great article. It never fails to amuse me that the same people who “know” that the Confederate Flag represents racism ALSO have no earthly idea that lobster used to be used for bait and to feed the very poor.
    BOTH of these things blow their minds, but only the first ever makes them angry. :D

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